Rock Steady Kennel & Supplies

Dogs
- started dogs
- broke dogs
- dams
- stud dogs
- puppies
- litters
Training
Testimonials
Store
Photo gallery
Policies

 

 

Health and Safety Tips

Canine-safe over-the-counter (OTC) medications

Canine-unsafe over-the-counter (OTC) medications

toxic foods

toxic plants


_______________________________________________________________________________


Canine-safe OTC Medications

Below is a list of OTC medications that are usable for dogs. While they can alleviate some minor problems in dogs it is always best to check with your vet if your dog has a problem. This list was printed in the Pointing Dog Journal in an article written by Dr. Ben Character author of the book Sports Medicine for the Retriever.




Trade Name Generic Name Common Uses
Benadryl Diphenhydramine
insect bite hypersensitivity,
motion sickness, mild sedative, itching
Colace Dioctyl sodium succinate constipation
Imodium Loperamide acute diarrhea
Pepto-bismol Bismuth subsalicylate acute diarrhea
Contac, Tavist-1* Clemastine itching
Bufferin buffered aspirin limping, pain
Ascripton, Ecotrin,
Tylenol
Acetaminophen limping, pain, fever
Neosporin triple antibiotic
ointment
cuts, scrapes, wounds,
irritated skin
Cosequin** Glucosamine and Glycoflex,
Synovi G3 Chondroitin
sulfate
chronic joint pain
Metamucil Psyillium stress diarrhea
Pepcid AC, Mylanta AR Famotidine stomach irritation,
ulceration, stress
Drammamine Dimenhydrinate motion sickness
Hydrogen peroxide*** induce vomiting
Pedialyte Electrolyte solution dehydration from vomiting
or diarrhea
Mycatin Miconazole ringworm
Betadine Solution Povidine-iodine wound cleaner
Robitussin Pediatric cough,
Vicks Formula 44
Dextromethorphan cough
Dacriose, Collyrium
for fresh eyes
Sterile buffered
eyewash
allergic eye conditions,
flush out debris, remove
caustic irritants
Selsun Blue Selenium sulfide
shampoo
excessive scaling
of skin
Cortaid, Cortizone-10 Hydrocortisone irritated skin lesions
*do not use Tavist-D
**Available
***Used as an emetic

_______________________________________________________________________________


back to top

Canine-Unsafe OTC Medications

Below is a list of OTC medications that are not usable for dogs. As always, if you suspect your pet has ingested any of the following meds, please note the amount ingested and contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435 immediately. This list was printed in the Pointing Dog Journal in an article written by Dr. Ben Character author of the book Sports Medicine for the Retriever.

Trade Name
Generic Name
Common Uses
Kaopectate
Kaolin-Pectin
combination

can prolong diarrheal diseases
and interfere with absorption
of other medications

Syrup of Ipecac

can be cardiotoxic
Fleet Enimas
Phosphate solutions
may cause phosphate toxicity
Ex-Lax
Phenolpthalein
toxic to dogs
Visine, OcuClear,
Visine LR


various active ingredients
are not therapeutic
and may cause toxic
effects, worsening an eye
condition

Aleve
Naproxin
can cause gastric and
intestinal ulceration and
renal toxicity

Advil, Motrin, etc.
Ibuprofen
can cause gastric
and intestinal
ulceration and renal
toxicity


_______________________________________________________________________________


back to top

Toxic Foods

   Chocolate, Macadamia nuts, avocados are some of the foods that are actually quite dangerous for our animal companions. The nutrition experts at the ASPCA have put together a handy list of the top toxic people foods to avoid feeding your pet. As always, if you suspect your pet has eaten any of the following foods, please note the amount ingested and contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435.



Chocolate, Coffee, Caffeine
These products all contain substances called methylxanthines, which are found in cacao seeds, the fruit of the plant used to make coffee and in the nuts of an extract used in some sodas. When ingested by pets, methylxanthines can cause vomiting and diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst and urination, hyperactivity, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors, seizures and even death. Note that darker chocolate is more dangerous than milk chocolate. White chocolate has the lowest level of methylxanthines, while baking chocolate contains the highest.

Alcohol
Alcoholic beverages and food products containing alcohol can cause vomiting, diarrhea, decreased coordination, central nervous system depression, difficulty breathing, tremors, abnormal blood acidity, coma and even death.

Avocado
The leaves, fruit, seeds and bark of avocados contain Persin, which can cause vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. Birds and rodents are especially sensitive to avocado poisoning, and can develop congestion, difficulty breathing and fluid accumulation around the heart. Some ingestions may even be fatal.

Macadamia Nuts
Macadamia nuts are commonly used in many cookies and candies. However, they can cause problems for your canine companion. These nuts have caused weakness, depression, vomiting, tremors and hyperthermia in dogs. Signs usually appear within 12 hours of ingestion and last approximately 12 to 48 hours.

Grapes & Raisins
Although the toxic substance within grapes and raisins is unknown, these fruits can cause kidney failure. In pets who already have certain health problems, signs may be more dramatic.

Yeast Dough
Yeast dough can rise and cause gas to accumulate in your pet's digestive system. This can be painful and can cause the stomach or intestines to rupture. Because the risk diminishes after the dough is cooked and the yeast has fully risen, pets can have small bits of bread as treats. However, these treats should not constitute more than 5 percent to 10 percent of your pet's daily caloric intake.

Raw/Undercooked Meat, Eggs and Bones
Raw meat and raw eggs can contain bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli that can be harmful to pets. In addition, raw eggs contain an enzyme called avidin that decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin), which can lead to skin and coat problems. Feeding your pet raw bones may seem like a natural and healthy option that might occur if your pet lived in the wild. However, this can be very dangerous for a domestic pet, who might choke on bones, or sustain a grave injury should the bone splinter and become lodged in or puncture your pet's digestive tract.

Xylitol
Xylitol is used as a sweetener in many products, including gum, candy, baked goods and toothpaste. It can cause insulin release in most species, which can lead to liver failure. The increase in insulin leads to hypoglycemia (lowered sugar levels). Initial signs of toxicosis include vomiting, lethargy and loss of coordination. Signs can progress to recumbancy and seizures. Elevated liver enzymes and liver failure can be seen within a few days.

Onions, Garlic, Chives
These vegetables and herbs can cause gastrointestinal irritation and could lead to red blood cell damage. Although cats are more susceptible, dogs are also at risk if a large enough amount is consumed. Toxicity is normally diagnosed through history, clinical signs and microscopic confirmation of Heinz bodies. An occasional low dose, such as what might be found in pet foods or treats, likely will not cause a problem, but we recommend that you do NOT give your pets large quantities of these foods.

Milk
Because pets do not possess significant amounts of lactase (the enzyme that breaks down lactose in milk), milk and other milk-based products cause them diarrhea or other digestive upset.

Salt
Large amounts of salt can produce excessive thirst and urination, or even sodium ion poisoning in pets. Signs that your pet may have eaten too many salty foods include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated body temperature, seizures and even death. In other words, keep those salty chips to yourself!




_______________________________________________________________________________


back to top

Toxic Plants

   Below is a list of household plants that was compiled by the ASPCA and posted on their website that can be dangerous to your pet.




Lilies
Members of the Lilium spp. are considered to be highly toxic to cats. While the poisonous component has not yet been identified, it is clear that with even ingestions of very small amounts of the plant, severe kidney damage could result.
Marijuana
Ingestion of Cannabis sativa by companion animals can result in depression of the central nervous system and incoordination, as well as vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, increased heart rate, and even seizures and coma.

Sago Palm
All parts of Cycas Revoluta are poisonous, but the seeds or “nuts” contain the largest amount of toxin. The ingestion of just one or two seeds can result in very serious effects, which include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, seizures and liver failure.

Tulip/Narcissus bulbs
The bulb portions of Tulipa/Narcissus spp. contain toxins that can cause intense gastrointestinal irritation, drooling, loss of appetite, depression of the central nervous system, convulsions and cardiac abnormalities.

Azalea/Rhododendron
Members of the Rhododenron spp. contain substances known as grayantoxins, which can produce vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, weakness and depression of the central nervous system in animals. Severe azalea poisoning could ultimately lead to coma and death from cardiovascular collapse.

Oleander
All parts of Nerium oleander are considered to be toxic, as they contain cardiac glycosides that have the potential to cause serious effects—including gastrointestinal tract irritation, abnormal heart function, hypothermia and even death.

Castor Bean
The poisonous principle in Ricinus communis is ricin, a highly toxic protein that can produce severe abdominal pain, drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive thirst, weakness and loss of appetite. Severe cases of poisoning can result in dehydration, muscle twitching, tremors, seizures, coma and death.

Cyclamen
Cylamen species contain cyclamine, but the highest concentration of this toxic component is typically located in the root portion of the plant. If consumed, Cylamen can produce significant gastrointestinal irritation, including intense vomiting. Fatalities have also been reported in some cases.

Kalanchoe
This plant contains components that can produce gastrointestinal irritation, as well as those that are toxic to the heart, and can seriously affect cardiac rhythm and rate.

Yew
Taxus spp. contains a toxic component known as taxine, which causes central nervous system effects such as trembling, incoordination, and difficulty breathing. It can also cause significant gastrointestinal irritation and cardiac failure, which can result in death.

Amaryllis
Common garden plants popular around Easter, Amaryllis species contain toxins that can cause vomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hypersalivation, anorexia and tremors.

Autumn Crocus
Ingestion of Colchicum autumnale by pets can result in oral irritation, bloody vomiting, diarrhea, shock, multi-organ damage and bone marrow suppression.

Chrysanthemum
These popular blooms are part of the Compositae family, which contain pyrethrins that may produce gastrointestinal upset, including drooling, vomiting and diarrhea, if eaten. In certain cases depression and loss of coordination may also develop if enough of any part of the plant is consumed.

English Ivy
Also called branching ivy, glacier ivy, needlepoint ivy, sweetheart ivy and California ivy, Hedera helix contains triterpenoid saponins that, should pets ingest, can result in vomiting, abdominal pain, hypersalivation and diarrhea.

Peace Lily (AKA Mauna Loa Peace Lily)
Spathiphyllum contains calcium oxalate crystals that can cause oral irritation, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing and intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips and tongue in pets who ingest.

Pothos
Pothos (both Scindapsus and Epipremnum) belongs to the Araceae family. If chewed or ingested, this popular household plant can cause significant mechanical irritation and swelling of the oral tissues and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract.

Schefflera
Schefflera and Brassaia actinophylla contain calcium oxalate crystals that can cause oral irritation, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing and intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips and tongue in pets who ingest.